Foreign judgments can be recognized and enforced in Latvia according to Chapter 77 in the Civil Procedure Law that establishes the methodology on how rulings issued by foreign courts will be enforced in Latvia. The legislation for the recognition of foreign judgments in Latvia is quite ample, Articles 636 to 6445 in the Civil Procedure Code being dedicated to the regulations of recognition and enforcement of foreign rulings. These regulations will be enforced in both civil and commercial matters.
As an EU member state, Latvia has also adopted the Council’s regulations (EC) 44/2001, (EC) 220/2003, (EC) 805/2004, (EC) 861/2007 and (EC) 1896/2006 regarding the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments.
According to the Civil Procedure Code, there is no limitation of the period of time a foreign judgment can be recognized and enforced in Latvia. Also, a foreign ruling does not have to be definitive in order to be recognized in Latvia.
The Civil Code, however, states that the ruling must be in force, meaning it cannot be submitted to an appeal. In order to be recognized in Latvia, a foreign judgment must be delivered by a competent foreign court and the dispute between parties must have been fairly tried. Also, an amicable settlement between parties must have been recognized by the foreign court of justice.
The application for the recognition of a foreign judgment must be submitted with a Latvian district or city court and it will be based on the place of execution or the legal address or residence of the defendant. The application must contain the following data:
The decision on the recognition and execution or the refusal of a foreign ruling will be taken by a single Latvian judge considering the evidence submitted within 10 days without hearing any of the parties involved in the settlement.
Together with the application, a series of documents must be submitted for the recognition and enforcement of a foreign judgment in Latvia. These documents are:
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